Engineering PDH

8039 Dealing with Service Interruptions

This course details the roles of the distribution system operator and others who are required to manage both planned and unplanned outages that affect customers. The participant will learn how switching can be developed and executed for planned outages, as well as the role of the distribution operator in isolating the fault, restoring as many customers as possible, and directing field crews during unplanned outages. The course explores an example of a switching order.

8009 Distributed Generation

This course discusses various forms of distributed generation, as well as the advantages and challenges to the distribution owner and the distribution power supplier who may purchase any excess power generation. The economies of distributed generation, especially during the distribution utility's peak demand hours, are compared. The various sources of energy used to drive generators, including hydro, reciprocating engines, natural gas, and diesel oil, are detailed. Special protection problems associated with distributed generation, as well as a protection issue, are discussed.

8023 Programmable Logic Controllers

This course defines and describes how programmable logic controllers (PLC) are used in distribution systems. Detailed examples of usage in both an electrical system and a mechanical system are shown. The physical construction, hardware, and PLC use of various forms of memory is discussed. This course concludes with a practical example of how a PLC might be programmed.

8012 Fault-Interrupting Devices

This course covers fault-interrupting devices used in distribution circuits, including circuit breakers, reclosers, and fuses. Physical characteristics and proper application of such devices are discussed in detail, as is how they extinguish electrical arcs resulting from fault conditions. The course also discusses proper coordination of fault-interrupting devices, including devices that utilize time-inverse characteristics.

8015 Fundamentals of Protection

This course provides insight into the fundamentals of protection for distribution systems. A discussion of why protection schemes are essential is detailed. The participant is taken through several scenarios of what actually happens on the distribution system during fault conditions. Different types of protection are discussed, along with the advantages and challenges of each.

8035 The Effects of Deregulation and Competition

This course provides both historical and current insight into deregulated markets and how they affect customers and distribution companies. The course examines the significance of the landmark FERC Order No. 888 and Order No. 889, which require all transmission owners to establish an Open Access Same-time Information System and to post for all potential users their transmission capacity and their tariff.


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